Mr. Harriman and Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, representing the United
States and Great Britain respectively. It will be for the Poles themselves
with such assistance as the Allies are able to give them., to agree upon the
composition and constitution of the new Polish Government of National
Unity. Thereafter, His Majesty's Government^ through their representa-
tive in Poland, will use all their influence to ensure that the free elections to
which the new Polish Government will be pledged shall be fairly carried out
under all proper democratic safeguards.
Our two guiding principles in dealing with all these problems of the
Continent and of liberated countries, have been clear : While the war is on,
we give help to anyone who can kill a Hun ; when the war is over we look
to the solution of a free., unfettered, democratic election. Those are the
two principles which this Coalition Government have applied, to the best
of their ability,, to the circumstances and situations in this entangled and
infinitely varied development.
Lord Dunglass (Conservative) : " . . . this point is highly important.
So much depends upon the interpretation of the words which the Prime
Minister is now using . . . For instance, is there going to be some kind of
international supervision ? His interpretation will make a great difference
to many of us."
TJhe Prime Minister : " I should certainly like that., but we have to
wait until the new Polish Government is set up and to see what are the
proposals they make for the canning out of these free, unfettered elections,
to which they will be pledged and to which we are pledged by the responsi-
bility we have assumed. But I have not finished. Perhaps some further
words of comfort may come for my Noble Friend. I should be sorry if I
could not reassure him that the course we have adopted is simple, direct and
trustworthy. The agreement does not affect the continued recognition by
His Majesty's Government of the Polish Government in London. This
will be maintained until such time as His Majesty's Government consider
that a new Provisional Government has been properly formed in Poland, in
accordance with the agreed provisions ; nor does it involve the previous or
immediate recognition by His Majesty's Government of the present Pro-
visional Government which is now functioning in Poland . . . Let me remind
the House and those who have undertaken what I regard as an honourable
task, of being very careful that our affairs in Poland are regulated in accord-
dance with the dignity and honour of this country—I have no quarrel with
them at all, only a difference of opinion on the facts, which I hope to clear
away. That is all that is between us.
" Let me remind them that there would have been no Lublin Committee
or Lublin Provisional Government in Poland if the Polish Government in
London had accepted our faithful counsel given to them a year ago. They
would have entered into Poland as its active Government, with the liberating
Armies of Russia. Even in October, when the Foreign Secretary and I
toiled night and day in Moscow, M. Mikolajczyk could have gone from
Moscow to Lublin, with every assurance of Marshal Stalin's friendship,
and become the Prime Minister of a more broadly constructed Government,
which would now be seated at Warsaw, or wherever, in view of the ruin of
Warsaw^ the centre of Government is placed.
** But these opportunities were cast aside. Meanwhile, the expulsion of
the Germans from Poland has taken place, and of course the new Govern-
ment, the Lublin Government, advanced with the victorious Russian
Armies, who were received with great joy in very great areas in Poland.
Many great cities changing hands without a shot fired, and with none of that